Dicing with death: predator inspection behaviour in minnow shoals. J Fish Biol

@inproceedings{Pitcher1986DicingWD,
  title={Dicing with death: predator inspection behaviour in minnow shoals. J Fish Biol},
  author={Tony j. Pitcher and D. A. Green and Magurran Ae and Anne E. Magurran},
  year={1986}
}
When shoaling minnows encounter a stalking pike, fish leave the shoal, approach the potential predator and then usually halt briefly before returning to the group. This behaviour, termed predator inspection, has been reported from encounters with both real and model pike. A description of inspection behaviour is given using data from experiments with a model pike made to approach foraging minnows with a standardised stalk. Evidence is presented that inspecting fish assess the risks involved… CONTINUE READING

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