Dice for Statistical Experiments

  title={Dice for Statistical Experiments},
  author={Francis Sir Galton},
EVERY statistician wants now and then to test the practical value of some theoretical process, it may be of smoothing, or of interpolation, or of obtaining a measure of variability, or of making some particular deduction or inference. It happened not long ago, while both a friend and myself were trying to find appropriate series for one of the above purposes, that the same week brought me letters from two eminent statisticians asking if I knew of any such series suitable for their own… 
A survey of Monte Carlo methods for parameter estimation
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Stochastic Simulation in the Nineteenth Century
In the last quarter of the nineteenth century, three separate (but not entirely independent) papers appeared describing methods of studying complicated statistical procedures through the generation
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Unbiased All-Optical Random-Number Generator
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Simple stochastic simulation of time irreversible and reversible processes
An analytical exact method capable of handling time irreversibility in addition to preserving the second-order stochastic structure, as well as higher-order marginal statistics, of a process is proposed.
DNA synthesis for true random number generation
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Cellular Automata: Reversibility, Semi-reversibility and Randomness
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Fast physical random bit generation with chaotic semiconductor lasers
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