Diarrheal Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Incidence, Prevention and Management

@article{Ahs2010DiarrhealDI,
  title={Diarrheal Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Incidence, Prevention and Management},
  author={Jill W. Ahs and Wenjing Tao and Jenny L{\"o}fgren and Birger C. Forsberg},
  journal={The Open Infectious Diseases Journal},
  year={2010},
  volume={4},
  pages={113-124}
}
Diarrheal diseases due to infection constitute a major burden of disease. Dehydration resulting from diarrhea can be fatal. It is the cause of approximately 1.8 million deaths every year. The vast majority of these deaths are of children under five years of age living in low- and middle- income countries. Interventions to prevent diarrhea include provision of safe water, hand washing, the use of sanitation facilities, exclusive breastfeeding of infants and rotavirus vaccination. Diagnosis is… 
Global Epidemiology and Management of Acute Diarrhea in Children from Developing Countries
TLDR
Several interventions that are being implemented in LMICs to combat diarrhea-related mortality, include providing educational resources to caregivers and healthcare providers, training caregivers to be able to detect early signs of deterioration in children, as well as purifying water and sanitation.
Effect of Diarrhea on Anemia in Children
TLDR
Poor sanitization, poor quality of drinking water, defecation in open in villages, leaching and drainage of human excreta in water bodies, poor medical facilities, and inaccessibility and ignorance to hygiene are a few prominent and profound factors for prevalence and incidence of diarrhea.
Affl ictions of enteric diseases in human population with reference to diarrhoea – A Review
TLDR
Thorough review of different research databases was carried out and compiled to depict overview of the disease, its pathophysiology, intervention strategies, drawbacks of current treatment methods and safe alternate treatment options available against diarrhoea.
Prevalence of Diarrhoea and Associated Factors among Under-Five Children in Jigjiga District, Somali Region, Eastern Ethiopia
TLDR
Efforts to reduce childhood diarrhoea should focus mainly on water, sanitation and hygiene interventions including health education, according to the findings of this study.
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites, and its Association with Severe Acute Malnutrition Related Diarrhoea
TLDR
The results suggest that intestinal parasitic infections are highly prevalent in SAM, and giardiasis is associated with SAM related diarrhoea, chronic type in particular, which implies that successful routine intestinal parasite screening could increase the diagnostic rate of parasitic diarrhoeA and improve the treatment.
Knowledge and Practices of Mothers about Diarrhea in Children Under Three Years Old in Heevi Pediatric Teaching Hospital in Duhok City
TLDR
The findings of the study indicate that due to lack of knowledge and poor practice about management of diarrhea the children were suffering from many complications.
Bacteria Agents of Diarrhea among Children of 5 Years and Younger in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
TLDR
Intermittent survey of enteric pathogens causing diarrhea in 0 – 5years children should be emphasized to elucidate their epidemiological importance and ease valuable control measures in the study area.
Childhood diarrheal morbidity and sanitation predictors in a nomadic community
TLDR
Assessment of the prevalence of childhood diarrheal disease and sanitation predictors among a nomadic people in Hadaleala district, Afar region, Northeast Ethiopia found higher prevalence of diarrhea among U5C was reported and enabling the community with safe and continuous supply of water and proper disposal of wastes including excreta is necessary.
Epidemiology of acute diarrheal diseases among Children under five in Gaza Strip : Post war community based study
TLDR
It is concluded that there was high point and period prevalence of diarrhoea still exists among children in Gaza Strip and it is recommended to start to search for diarrhoeal causes to reduce its incidence.
Slow progress in diarrhea case management in low and middle income countries: evidence from cross-sectional national surveys, 1985–2012
TLDR
Very limited progress has been made in the case management of childhood diarrhea in low- and-middle-income countries, and a better understanding of caregiver’s care seeking behavior and health care provider's case management practices is needed to improve diarrhea case management.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 199 REFERENCES
Studies of the Small Intestine in Persistent Diarrhea and Malnutrition: The Gambian Experience
  • P. Sullivan
  • Medicine
    Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
  • 2002
TLDR
This model points to the fact that whatever the relative contribution of infective, nutritional, or even allergic phenomena in the pathogenesis of persistent diarrhea and malnutrition, the final common pathway probably is prolonged injury to the small intestinal mucosa.
Control of diarrheal diseases.
The tremendous advances made in the control of diarrheal diseases in the past few years indicate what more can be achieved. Even though the lives of an estimated three quarters of a million children
Management of acute diarrhea in children: lessons learned
TLDR
The physician evaluating a child with diarrhea should inquire about clinical features including its duration and the presence of blood in the stool, so that a reliable treatment plan can be made without need of laboratory tests.
Management of children with infection-associated persistent diarrhea.
TLDR
Persistent diarrhea seriously affects nutritional status, growth, and intellectual function and management includes rehydration, adequate diet, micronutrient supplementation, and antimicrobials.
Gastrointestinal infections in children.
TLDR
Some of the most important articles published in the field during the last year are presented; the role of Helicobacter pylori in the pathogenesis of gastritis and peptic ulcer disease has been shown in adults and children.
Gastrointestinal infections in children.
TLDR
Some of the most important articles published in the field during the last year are presented; the role of Helicobacter pylori in the pathogenesis of gastritis and peptic ulcer disease has been shown in adults and children.
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in Developing Countries: Epidemiology, Microbiology, Clinical Features, Treatment, and Prevention
SUMMARY ETEC is an underrecognized but extremely important cause of diarrhea in the developing world where there is inadequate clean water and poor sanitation. It is the most frequent bacterial cause
Zinc supplementation in young children with acute diarrhea in India.
TLDR
For infants and young children with acute diarrhea, zinc supplementation results in clinically important reductions in the duration and severity of diarrhea.
Intestinal and Systemic Infection, HIV, and Mortality in Zambian Children With Persistent Diarrhea and Malnutrition
TLDR
Although intestinal and systemic infections did not differ for HIV-seropositive and HIV-Seronegative children, HIV influenced nutritional states of all children and was associated with higher mortality.
Attribution of malnutrition to cause-specific diarrheal illness: evidence from a prospective study of preschool children in Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
TLDR
Of the identified enteropathogens, only enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), Cryptosporidium sp.
...
...