Diarrhea in tube-fed burn patients: incidence, etiology, nutritional impact, and prevention.

@article{Gottschlich1988DiarrheaIT,
  title={Diarrhea in tube-fed burn patients: incidence, etiology, nutritional impact, and prevention.},
  author={Michele M. Gottschlich and Glenn D. Warden and Magali Michel and P Havens and Robert Kopcha and M. E. Jenkins and J. Wesley Alexander},
  journal={JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition},
  year={1988},
  volume={12 4},
  pages={
          338-45
        }
}
The hypermetabolic state observed in thermally injured patients warrants aggressive nutritional management. Enteral support is the preferred route of nutrient delivery, however diarrhea is reported to be a persistent complication of continuous nasogastric or nasoduodenal hyperalimentation. Diarrhea adds to problems in patient care, disturbs fluid and electrolyte balance, and worsens nutritional status. There has been the impression that tube feeding hyperosmolality, antibiotics, and low serum… 
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
In this patient population, antibiotic usage was the factor most strongly associated with diarrhea during tube feedings, and patients who received FSF were observed to have a lower incidence of diarrhea, a lower percentage of diarrhea days per total feeding days, and a lower frequency of positive CD toxin assays.
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TLDR
Tube feeding for children with acute neurological diseases are hypercatabolic and have high urinary nitrogen losses, which permits the conclusion that it is a safe and effective method for nutrition support.
The effect of dietary fiber in tube-fed elderly patients
TLDR
Over a 3-week period, patients who received fiber-containing formula had fewer liquid/loose stools than patients who got fiber-free formula, demonstrating the observed effect of dietary fiber on the incidence of diarrhea.
Enteral feeding in the hypoalbuminemic patient.
TLDR
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The Effect of Two Tube-feeding Protocols on Bacterial Contamination and Diarrhea in ICU Patients
TLDR
Previous pilot research on the occurrence of bacterial contamination and diarrhea in tube-fed ICU patients is extended by comparing two enteral feeding protocols, which were the routine hospital protocol vs an aseptic protocol for the preparation and maintenance of enteral nutrition.
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TLDR
Early enteral feeding of Polycose-Aminosyn is safe and well tolerated, and that the small intestine absorbs nutrients readily in the early postburn period, leading to positive nitrogen balance, preventing loss of serum protein, assisting in the maintenance of normal carbohydrate metabolism, and restoring granulocytes and lymphocytes to normal ratios.
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TLDR
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