Dialectics and reductionism in ecology

@article{Levins2004DialecticsAR,
  title={Dialectics and reductionism in ecology},
  author={Richard A. Levins and Richard C. Lewontin},
  journal={Synthese},
  year={2004},
  volume={43},
  pages={47-78}
}
ConclusionsBiology above the level of the individual organism — population ecology and genetics, community ecology, biogeography and evolution — requires the study of intrinsically complex systems. But the dominant philosophies of western science have proven to be inadequate for the study of complexity:(1)The reductionist myth of simplicity leads its advocates to isolate parts as completely as possible and study these parts. It underestimates the importance of interactions in theory, and its… 
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