Dialectics and reductionism in ecology

  title={Dialectics and reductionism in ecology},
  author={Richard A. Levins and Richard C. Lewontin},
ConclusionsBiology above the level of the individual organism — population ecology and genetics, community ecology, biogeography and evolution — requires the study of intrinsically complex systems. But the dominant philosophies of western science have proven to be inadequate for the study of complexity:(1)The reductionist myth of simplicity leads its advocates to isolate parts as completely as possible and study these parts. It underestimates the importance of interactions in theory, and its… 
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10 Ecology’s reputation as a holistic and soft science is partly due to widespread misconceptions of its 11 nature as well as shortcomings in its methodology. We show how the pursuit of empirical
John Vandermeer - The dialectics of ecology: Biological, historical and political intersections
Biological determinism in the age of genomics is examined, particularly as it is associated with racialist understandings of human genetic variation and how biological variation generated by genetic, epigenetic, environmental, and chance effects invalidate biological determinist explanations of the human social condition.
Chance between holism and reductionism : tensions in the conceptualisation of Life
In debates between holism and reductionism in biology, from the early twentieth century to more recent re-enactments involving genetic reductionism, developmental systems theory or systems biology,
Hierarchical complexity in ecology: a noneuclidean conception of the data space
  • T. Allen
  • Environmental Science
  • 2004
Vegetation is the consequence of the interaction of a series of widely differing processes, each uniquely scaled. Extensive slow processes pertain to high levels of organization, while fast local
Reductionism, Holism, and Hierarchy Theory
An ecosystem is a composite entity of biotic and nonbiotic parts. But it is not a simple aggregation of parts, where the properties of the whole are reducible to the properties of the parts
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Abstract This paper discusses the novelty of Aleksandr Bogdanov’s approach, which combines the systemic perspectives employed in his Tektology, the general science of organization (1913–1922). In
Ecological complexity and agroecosystems: seven themes from theory
ABSTRACT Exploring the intersection of new ideas of ecological complexity with insights from traditional agricultural systems is the fundamental subject of this article, with an emphasis on seven
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In this work we revise the theoretical change in ecology. This scientific discipline has been little studied and the scarce reflections indicate that is an immature area of science. As evidence of
Contributions of Quaternary botany to modern ecology and biogeography
  • H. Birks
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Plant Ecology & Diversity
  • 2019
ABSTRACT Quaternary (last 2.6 million years) botany involves studying plant megafossils (e.g. tree stumps), macrofossils (e.g. seeds, leaves), and microfossils (e.g. pollen, spores) preserved in peat