Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR)

@inproceedings{Segal2010DiagnosticAS,
  title={Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR)},
  author={Daniel L. Segal},
  year={2010}
}
  • D. Segal
  • Published 30 January 2010
  • Psychology, Medicine
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000) is a compendium of mental disorders, a listing of the criteria used to diagnose them, and a detailed system for their definition, organization, and classification. Put simply, it is the primary diagnostic manual for mental health professionals in the United States and much of the Western world. Diagnosis refers to the identification and labeling of… 
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References

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TLDR
The authors discuss issues that cut across individual diagnostic categories and that should receive particular attention in DSM-V: (a) the process by which the diagnostic manual is developed, (b) the differentiation from normal psychological functioning, (c) the differentiated among diagnostic categories, (d) cross-sectional vs. longitudinal diagnoses, and (e) the role of laboratory instruments.
Diagnosis and Classification
Coupled with exploratory behavior, the desire to understand and to classify the things in one’s environment appears to be an inherent human trait. The word iagnosis itself comes from the Greek words