Diagnostic accuracy of eye movements in assessing pedophilia.

@article{Fromberger2012DiagnosticAO,
  title={Diagnostic accuracy of eye movements in assessing pedophilia.},
  author={P. Fromberger and K. Jordan and Henrike Steinkrauss and Jakob von Herder and J. Witzel and G. Stolpmann and B. Kr{\"o}ner-Herwig and J{\"u}rgen L. M{\"u}ller},
  journal={The journal of sexual medicine},
  year={2012},
  volume={9 7},
  pages={
          1868-82
        }
}
INTRODUCTION Given that recurrent sexual interest in prepubescent children is one of the strongest single predictors for pedosexual offense recidivism, valid and reliable diagnosis of pedophilia is of particular importance. Nevertheless, current assessment methods still fail to fulfill psychometric quality criteria. AIMS The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of eye-movement parameters in regard to pedophilic sexual preferences. METHOD Eye movements were measured while… Expand
[Prospects for the use of a binocular eye tracking system for the diagnosis of pedophilic disorder].
TLDR
It was found that for the detection of paraphilic interest, it was very important to assess attention, based on the study of fixation activity, which shows their greater importance in comparison with normative stimuli. Expand
Changed processing of visual sexual stimuli under GnRH-therapy – a single case study in pedophilia using eye tracking and fMRI
TLDR
It is suggested that even at an unconscious level ADT can lead to changed processing of sexually relevant stimuli, reflecting changes of cognitive and perceptive automatic processes. Expand
Can We Measure Sexual Interest in Pedophiles Using a Sexual Distractor Task
Indirect measures of deviant sexual interest have yielded interesting and promising in the field of pedophilic interest. However, further research is needed. A lot of indirect measures are still atExpand
Modified Stroop test in psychological diagnosis of pedophilia. a systematic review
Purpose: A systematic review of literature was conducted in order to characterize the modified Stroop test in the psychological diagnosis of pedophilia. Views: Clinicians’ testing for sexualExpand
Eye tracking and child sexual offenders: a systematic review
TLDR
Although the results suggest the eye tracking can discriminate between paedophile interest and non-paedophile interest, there are too few studies on this specific topic and further research is needed with larger and different sample, carried out by different research teams. Expand
Impaired Attentional Control in Pedophiles in a Sexual Distractor Task
TLDR
Pedophilic disorder, a subtype of paraphilia, is defined as a recurrent sexual interest in prepubescent children, which is characterized by persistent thoughts, fantasies, urges, sexual arousal, or behavior, and the severity of a paraphilic disorder is found. Expand
Measuring Pedophilic Sexual Interest.
TLDR
A general review on a number of methods aimed at assessing pedophilic interest, which mirror clinical practice largely used within North America and parts of continental Europe but may not be applicable on an international scale where other special procedures may be required. Expand
Eye movements in pedophiles: automatic and controlled attentional processes while viewing prepubescent stimuli.
TLDR
The hypothesis that pedophiles automatically selected sexually relevant stimuli (children) was confirmed and it was demonstrated, for the first time, that the face and pubic region are the most attracting regions in children for pedophiles. Expand
[Pedophilia: etiology, diagnostics and therapy].
TLDR
According to the current state of knowledge cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy is the method of choice in the treatment of pedophilia and has demonstrated positive treatment effects in meta-analyses regarding relapse prevention. Expand
A Meta-Analysis of Viewing Time Measures of Sexual Interest in Children
TLDR
Two meta-analyses of VT measures adapted to assess pedophilic interest are presented to determine their discrimination between sexual offenders against children (SOC) and non-SOC groups as well as convergent validity (associations with other measures of sexual interest in children). Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 95 REFERENCES
Phallometric diagnosis of pedophilia.
TLDR
The sensitivity of the phallometric test for pedophilia or hebephilia in complete nonadmitters is probably greater than or equal to 55% but is certainly less than 100%. Expand
The Screening Scale for Pedophilic Interests Predicts Recidivism Among Adult Sex Offenders with Child Victims
TLDR
The findings suggest that the SSPI has predictive utility among adult male sex offenders with child victims, and accounts for variance in sexual offending that is not explained by phallometric testing. Expand
Sensitivity and specificity of the phallometric test for pedophilia in nonadmitting sex offenders.
TLDR
Results for offenders against women showed that those who had had sexual contact with the greatest number of women (consenting or nonconsenting) had the lowest probability of being diagnosed as pedophilic. Expand
Assessment of Pedophilic Sexual Interest with an Attentional Choice Reaction Time Task
TLDR
It is concluded that a match of sexual interest with properties of visual stimuli led to a cognitive interference effect that opens up the possibility of using this interference effect (i.e., the delay of response times) for diagnostic purposes. Expand
Neurocognitive and personality factors in homo- and heterosexual pedophiles and controls.
TLDR
Compared with controls, pedophiles showed neurocognitive impairments and personality specifics in the majority of tests and questionnaires, but some of these alterations were at least partly explained by factors other than pedophilia, such as education level or age. Expand
Problems with the DSM-IV Diagnosis of Pedophilia
This paper examines the taxonomic adequacy of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th ed., DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) diagnostic category of pedophilia. This diagnosis, asExpand
Intelligence, memory, and handedness in pedophilia.
TLDR
Pedophilia showed significant negative correlations with IQ and immediate and delayed recall memory and was related to non-right-handedness even after covarying age and IQ. Expand
Pedophilia and Sexual Offending Against Children: Theory, Assessment, and Intervention
Contrary to popular belief, not all sex offenders who target children are pedophiles, and not all pedophiles commit sexual offenses. But what is unequivocal is that pedophilia, which is defined as aExpand
Executive dysfunctions in pedophilic and nonpedophilic child molesters.
TLDR
Data suggest that nonpedophilic child molesters showed more severe cognitive deficits than pedophilic childmolesters, as response inhibition is associated with prefrontal functioning, and the deficits observed in both child molester groups indicate dysfunction in the orbitofrontal cortex. Expand
A Brief Screening Scale to Identify Pedophilic Interests Among Child Molesters
Among child molesters, phallometrically measured sexual interest in children is associated with having male victims, multiple victims, younger victims, and extrafamilial victims. These sexual offenseExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...