Diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia: a comparison between microscopic examination of expectorate, antigen detection and cultural procedures.

@article{Kalin1983DiagnosisOP,
  title={Diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia: a comparison between microscopic examination of expectorate, antigen detection and cultural procedures.},
  author={Mats Kalin and A. A. Lindberg},
  journal={Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases},
  year={1983},
  volume={15 3},
  pages={247-55}
}
Attempts to demonstrate Streptococcus pneumoniae, or its soluble type-specific polysaccharide antigen were made on specimens from 205 patients with acute community-acquired pneumonia by (i) blood, nasopharynx and sputum culture, (ii) counterimmunoelectrophoresis (CIE) of serum, urine and sputum specimens utilizing omni-, pool- and type-specific rabbit antisera, and (iii) microscopy of gram-stained sputum smears. Pneumococci could be cultured and/or pneumococcal antigen detected in specimens… CONTINUE READING

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