Diagnosis of mitral valve diseases using indirect (esophageal) left atrial pulse.


The diagnostic usefulness of the indirect (esophageal) left atrial pulse (ESO) has been analyzed in: 1) 25 patients (pts) with mitral insufficiency (MI), 2) 18 pts with mitral stenosis, 3) 29 pts with combined valvular disease, 4) 10 normal subjects. In addition, in 1) and 4), the ESO was recorded under the following dynamic conditions: a) during isometric… (More)


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