Diagnosis and treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome.

  title={Diagnosis and treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome.},
  author={Rishi N Sheth and Allan J. Belzberg},
  journal={Neurosurgery clinics of North America},
  volume={12 2},
TOS represents a spectrum of disorders encompassing four related syndromes: arterial compression, venous compression, neurogenic compression, and a poorly defined pain syndrome. Patients can present with signs of arterial insufficiency, venous obstruction, painless wasting of intrinsic hand muscles, and pain. History and physical examination are the most important diagnostic studies, and radiographs of the chest and cervical spine and electromyography/nerve conduction studies are useful to… CONTINUE READING


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