Diagnosis and treatment of the inferior vena cava syndrome in advanced malignant disease.


The syndrome of intrahepatic inferior vena cava obstruction has neither been commonly recognized nor adequately described. Symptoms include the abrupt onset of ascites, hepatomegaly, and fluid retention below the diaphragm with edema of the lower extremity. Proteinuria can be associated with these symptoms. When this syndrome has been caused by malignant… (More)


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