Diagnosis and treatment of Chiari malformation and syringomyelia in adults: international consensus document

@article{Ciaramitaro2021DiagnosisAT,
  title={Diagnosis and treatment of Chiari malformation and syringomyelia in adults: international consensus document},
  author={Palma Ciaramitaro and Luca Massimi and Alessandro Bertuccio and Alessandra Solari and Mariangela Farinotti and Paola Peretta and Veronica Saletti and Luisa Chiapparini and Andrea Barbanera and Diego Garbossa and Paolo A. Bolognese and Andrew R. Brodbelt and Carlo Celada and Dario Cocito and Marcella Curone and Grazia Devigili and Alessandra Erbetta and Marilena Ferraris and Marika Furlanetto and Mado Gilanton and George I. Jallo and Marieta Karadjova and J{\"o}rg Klekamp and Fulvio Massaro and Sylvia Morar and Fabrice Parker and Paolo Perrini and Maria A. Poca and Juan Sahuquillo and Marcus A. Stoodley and Giuseppe Talamonti and Fabio M. Triulzi and Maria Consuelo Valentini and Massimiliano Visocchi and Laura Grazia Valentini},
  journal={Neurological Sciences},
  year={2021},
  volume={43},
  pages={1327-1342}
}
Background Syringomyelia and Chiari malformation are classified as rare diseases on Orphanet, but international guidelines on diagnostic criteria and case definition are missing. Aim of the study: to reach a consensus among international experts on controversial issues in diagnosis and treatment of Chiari 1 malformation and syringomyelia in adults. Methods A multidisciplinary panel of the Chiari and Syringomyelia Consortium (4 neurosurgeons, 2 neurologists, 1 neuroradiologist, 1 pediatric… 
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