Aneurysms of the pancreatic arteries are a rare complication of pancreatitis. Most usually they are observed with pancreatic pseudocysts or pancreatic abscesses. In view of the danger of haemorrhage, the diagnosis and treatment of these aneurysms is of considerable clinical significance. Angiography plays a dominant role, since it can demonstrate the source of bleeding and, at the same time, provides effective treatment by means of vascular embolisation. This is illustrated by three examples.