Diagnosis and surgical management of strabismus associated with thyroid-related orbitopathy.

@article{Flanders1997DiagnosisAS,
  title={Diagnosis and surgical management of strabismus associated with thyroid-related orbitopathy.},
  author={Michael E Flanders and Michael Hastings},
  journal={Journal of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus},
  year={1997},
  volume={34 6},
  pages={333-40}
}
BACKGROUND In the healing phase of thyroid-related orbitopathy, fibrosis and contracture of the extraocular muscles may result in restrictive ocular motility. Ocular misalignment may occur in both eyes and along three different axes of rotation. Successful surgical treatment depends on precise identification of the muscles that are restricting motility and… CONTINUE READING