Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome: an American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute scientific statement.

@article{Grundy2006DiagnosisAM,
  title={Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome: an American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute scientific statement.},
  author={Scott M. Grundy and James I. Cleeman and Stephen R. Daniels and Karen A. Donato and Robert H. Eckel and Barry A. Franklin and David J. Gordon and Ronald M. Krauss and Peter J. Savage and Sidney C. Smith and John A. Spertus and Fernando Ferreira Costa},
  journal={Current opinion in cardiology},
  year={2006},
  volume={21 1},
  pages={
          1-6
        }
}
The metabolic syndrome has received increased attention in the past few years. This statement from the American Heart Association (AHA) and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) is intended to provide up-to-date guidance for professionals on the diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome in adults. The metabolic syndrome is a constellation of interrelated risk factors of metabolic origin—metabolic risk factors—that appear to directly promote the development of… Expand
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References

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Definition of Metabolic Syndrome: Report of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/American Heart Association Conference on Scientific Issues Related to Definition
TLDR
Although ATP III identified CVD as the primary clinical outcome of the metabolic syndrome, most people with this syndrome have insulin resistance, which confers increased risk for type 2 diabetes, when diabetes becomes clinically apparent, CVD risk rises sharply. Expand
Clinical Management of Metabolic Syndrome: Report of the American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/American Diabetes Association Conference on Scientific Issues Related to Management
TLDR
The present report summarizes a second conference devoted to clinical management of the metabolic syndrome, which was sponsored by the AHA in partnership with the NHLBI and cosponsored by the American Diabetes Association (ADA). Expand
Definition of Metabolic Syndrome: Report of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/American Heart Association Conference on Scientific Issues Related to Definition
TLDR
Although ATP III identified CVD as the primary clinical outcome of the metabolic syndrome, most people with this syndrome have insulin resistance, which confers increased risk for type 2 diabetes, when diabetes becomes clinically apparent, CVD risk rises sharply. Expand
Association of the Metabolic Syndrome With History of Myocardial Infarction and Stroke in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
TLDR
The results indicate a strong, consistent relationship of the metabolic syndrome with prevalent myocardial infarction and stroke. Expand
Risk factors for the metabolic syndrome: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, 1985-2001.
TLDR
BMI and weight gain are important risk factors for the metabolic syndrome and regular physical activity may counter this risk, according to models adjusting simultaneously for all factors. Expand
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TLDR
The results support the view of NCEP ATP III, that in CAD prevention, beyond lowering LDL‐cholesterol levels, interventions concerning the constituents of MS should be important. Expand
The Metabolic Syndrome and Chronic Kidney Disease in U.S. Adults
TLDR
The association between the metabolic syndrome and risk for chronic kidney disease and microalbuminuria in a large representative sample of U.S. adults who participated in the NHANES III was examined. Expand
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TLDR
The metabolic syndrome typically affects 20-30% of middle-aged adults in the U.S. and by any criteria, subjects with the metabolic syndrome are more insulin resistant and at increased predicted risk for CHD versus those without the syndrome. Expand
The metabolic syndrome and total and cardiovascular disease mortality in middle-aged men.
TLDR
Cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality are increased in men with the metabolic syndrome, even in the absence of baseline CVD and diabetes, according to the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. Expand
NCEP-defined metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and prevalence of coronary heart disease among NHANES III participants age 50 years and older.
TLDR
Among people with diabetes, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was very high, and those with diabetes and metabolic syndrome had the highest prevalence of CHD, compared with those with both metabolic syndrome and diabetes, who had the lowest prevalence. Expand
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