Diagnosis and management of inadvertently placed pacing and ICD leads in the left ventricle: a multicenter experience and review of the literature.

@article{Gelder2000DiagnosisAM,
  title={Diagnosis and management of inadvertently placed pacing and ICD leads in the left ventricle: a multicenter experience and review of the literature.},
  author={Berry M. van Gelder and F. Bracke and Ali Oto and Aylin Yildirir and Phillip C Haas and John J Seger and Raymond F. Stainback and Kees-joost Botman and Albert Meijer},
  journal={Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE},
  year={2000},
  volume={23 5},
  pages={877-83}
}
Three patients from different centers with pacemaker or ICD leads endocardially implanted in the left ventricle are described. All leads, two ventricular pacing leads and one ICD lead, were inserted through a patent foramen ovale or an atrial septum defect. The diagnosis was made 9 months, 14 months, and 16 years, respectively, after implantation. All… CONTINUE READING