Diagnosis and Treatment of Pituitary Adenomas: A Review

@article{Molitch2017DiagnosisAT,
  title={Diagnosis and Treatment of Pituitary Adenomas: A Review},
  author={Mark E. Molitch},
  journal={JAMA},
  year={2017},
  volume={317},
  pages={516–524}
}
  • M. Molitch
  • Published 7 February 2017
  • Medicine, Biology
  • JAMA
Importance Pituitary adenomas may hypersecrete hormones or cause mass effects. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment are important. Observations Prevalence of pituitary adenomas ranges from 1 in 865 adults to 1 in 2688 adults. Approximately 50% are microadenomas (<10 mm); the remainder are macroadenomas (≥10 mm). Mass effects cause headache, hypopituitarism, and visual field defects. Treatments include transsphenoidal surgery, medical therapies, and radiotherapy. Prolactinomas account for 32… 

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