Diagnosis and Therapeutic Management of Extra-Intestinal Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

@article{Trikudanathan2012DiagnosisAT,
  title={Diagnosis and Therapeutic Management of Extra-Intestinal Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Disease},
  author={Guru Trikudanathan and Preethi G. K. Venkatesh and Udayakumar Navaneethan},
  journal={Drugs},
  year={2012},
  volume={72},
  pages={2333-2349}
}
Extra-intestinal manifestations (EIMs) are reported frequently in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and may be diagnosed before, concurrently or after the diagnosis of IBD. EIMs in IBD may be classified based on their association with IBD disease activity. The first group has a direct relationship with the activity of the bowel disease and includes pauciarticular arthritis, oral aphthous ulcers, erythema nodosum and episcleritis. The second group of EIMs appears to follow an… 
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