Diagnosis | Urolithiasis

@article{Langston2005DiagnosisU,
  title={Diagnosis | Urolithiasis},
  author={Cathy E. Langston and Kelly Gisselman and Douglas A. Palma and John McCue},
  journal={Lab Animal},
  year={2005},
  volume={34},
  pages={24-25}
}
Diagnostic imaging is usually required to determine the presence of urolithiasis. Double-contrast cystography is more accurate than survey radiography and approximately as accurate as ultrasonography. Knowledge of the mineral composition of calculi helps direct appropriate management of urolithiasis, and signalment can help predict composition with about 70% accuracy. In cats, about half of cystic calculi are struvite and half are calcium oxalate; most nephroliths and ureteroliths are calcium… 
Lower urinary tract lithiasis of cats in Algeria: Clinical and epidemiologic features
TLDR
The most clinically relevant symptoms of urolithiasis observed in cats were dysuria, pollakiuria, hematuria, and stranguria, and factors, such as race, gender, age, diet, and lifestyle, should be considered as potential risk factors for urolithsiasis.
ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN ULTRASOUND AND CLINICAL FINDINGS IN 87 CATS WITH URETHRAL OBSTRUCTION.
  • J. R. NevinsW. MaiE. Thomas
  • Medicine
    Veterinary radiology & ultrasound : the official journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association
  • 2015
TLDR
The use of ultrasound as an adjunct for treatment planning in cats presented with urethral obstruction but not as a method for predicting risk of reobstruction is supported.
Adverse urinary effects of allopurinol in dogs with leishmaniasis.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that urolithiasis and renal mineralisation can occur in dogs receiving allopurinol therapy and dogs receiving therapy should be monitored for the development of urinary adverse effects from the beginning of treatment.

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