Diabetic retinopathy and systemic vascular complications.

  title={Diabetic retinopathy and systemic vascular complications.},
  author={Ning Cheung and Tien Yin Wong},
  journal={Progress in retinal and eye research},
  volume={27 2},
Retinopathy is the most common complication of diabetes. The assessment of retinopathy signs presents clinicians a unique opportunity to directly visualize and assess the actual morphology of diabetic microvascular damage. Extensive studies have now shown that people with diabetic retinopathy have excess risks of systemic vascular complications, including subclinical and clinical stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure, and nephropathy. There is also emerging evidence to suggest that… CONTINUE READING


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