Diabetic Retinopathy – Risk Factors , Pathogenesis , Diagnosis and Treatment

  title={Diabetic Retinopathy – Risk Factors , Pathogenesis , Diagnosis and Treatment},
  author={Teresa Wolniewicz and Michal Proczka and Adam Trzciński and Anna Ramotowska},
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) or diabetic eye disease, is the major long-term complication of diabetes and main cause of vision impairment and vision loss. Major risk factors of the disease are the diabetes duration and glycemia (hyperglycemia and glycemic variations). One can also distinguish high blood-pressure, lipid disorders, pregnancy and puberty, age at diagnosis, ethnicity and genetic disorders among others. Diabetic retinopathy develops as a consequence of long-term accumulation of damage… CONTINUE READING


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Ten Emerging 29 MEDtube Science Mar

  • Charumathi Sabanayagam, WanFen Yip, Daniel S.W. Ting, Gavin Tan, Tien Y. Wong
  • 2016
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