Developmental determinants of sensitivity and resistance to stress.

@article{Levine2005DevelopmentalDO,
  title={Developmental determinants of sensitivity and resistance to stress.},
  author={Seymour Levine},
  journal={Psychoneuroendocrinology},
  year={2005},
  volume={30 10},
  pages={939-46}
}
The purpose of this paper is two fold. First, to revisit the issue of the definition of stress and to highlight the difficulties with the contemporary definitions and, second, to review the literature on the influence of early experiences on the endocrine stress responses and behavior in rodents, sub-human primates and humans. Early experiences, usually involving some manipulation that results in disruption of the mother-infant relationship, have been shown to have long-term influences on the… CONTINUE READING
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