Development ofTrypanosoma fallisi in the leech,Desserobdella picta, in toads (Bufo americanus), and in vitro

@article{Martin2004DevelopmentOF,
  title={Development ofTrypanosoma fallisi in the leech,Desserobdella picta, in toads (Bufo americanus), and in vitro},
  author={D. San Martin and Sherwin S. Desser},
  journal={Parasitology Research},
  year={2004},
  volume={77},
  pages={18-26}
}
SummaryThe development ofTrypanosoma fallisi ofBufo americanus from Algonquin Park, Ontario was studied by light and electron microscopy in blood culture, in its leech vectorDesserobdella (=Batracobdella) picta, and in its toad host. In culture, bloodstream trypomastigotes transformed within one day to elongate epimastigotes which divided into rosettes. These gave rise to amastigotes, spheromastigotes, stumpy and elongate epimastigotes, and slender metacyclic trypomastigotes over a 4- to 6-day… 
Remarkable kinetoplast, cytostome-cytopharynx complex, and storage-related structures as dissected by three-dimensional reconstruction of Trypanosoma sp. 858 isolated from a toad (Amphibia: Anura).
TLDR
This new trypanosome isolated from a toad and successfully maintained in cultures may constitute an excellent model for organelles studies related to endocytosis and lipid storage, as demonstrated herein using scanning and transmission electron microscopy and three-dimensional models obtained by either electron microscope tomography or dual-beam slice and view series.
Isolation and In Vitro Culture of Trypanosomes From Leptodactylus ocellatus From the Atlantic Forest in a New Experimental Culture Medium
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A new protocol medium is provided for the isolation and culture of anuran trypanosomes under a new protocol using a biphasic medium composed of Novy, McNeal, and Nicolle (NNN) blood agar medium as a solid phase and liver infusion, brain heart infusion, and tryptose (LIBHIT)medium as a liquid phase.
Trypanosoma cf. Varani in an Imported Ball Python (Python reginus) from Ghana
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The molecular phylogenetic characterization of these cultured trypanosomes indicated that this python was infected with a species closely related to Trypanosoma varani Wenyon, 1908, originally described in the Nile monitor lizard (Varanus niloticus) from Sudan.
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There is a need for reports and studies of parasite-host relationships in anurans and a lack of records regarding hemoparasite diversity linked to the Rhinella granulosa group.
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Investigation of amphibian infestation rates of the parasitic leech Placobdella picta in a number of ponds from Arkansas finds that this leech demonstrates host and size preference in its tadpole prey.
FIELD EVIDENCE FOR LEECH-BORNE TRANSMISSION OF AMPHIBIAN ICHTHYOPHONUS SP
Parasites have been implicated in mass mortality events and population declines of amphibians around the world. One pathogen associated with mortality events in North America is an Ichthyophonus
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There is a need for a more comprehensive review that summarizing recent advances in the studies of trypanosomatids in the last 30 years, a task, which is tried to accomplish with the current paper.
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Comparison of anuran trypanosomes from Brazil and other countries revealed several new species among the isolates examined in this study, suggesting that host restriction, host switching and overall ecogeographical structure may have played a role in the evolution of the anurans.
PHYLOGENETIC POSITION OF THE GIANT ANURAN TRYPANOSOMES TRYPANOSOMA CHATTONI, TRYPANOSOMA FALLISI, TRYPANOSOMA MEGA, TRYPANOSOMA NEVEULEMAIREI, AND TRYPANOSOMA RANARUM INFERREDFROM 18S rRNA GENE SEQUENCES
TLDR
Trees produced using maximum-parsimony and distance-matrix methods and strong bootstrap and quartet-puzzle analyses indicated that the trypanosomes are a monophyletic group that divides into 2 major lineages, the salivarian trypanOSomes and the nonsalivariantrypanosome species.
Vertebrate Hosts and Phylogenetic Relationships of Amphibian Trypanosomes from a Potential Invertebrate Vector, Culex territans Walker (Diptera: Culicidae)
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A potential new lineage of dipteran-transmitted amphibian trypanosomes may occur within the aquatic clade of the Trypanosomatidae, and the frequency in which female Cx.
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