Development of the university of pennsylvania smell identification test: A standardized microencapsulated test of olfactory function

@article{Doty1984DevelopmentOT,
  title={Development of the university of pennsylvania smell identification test: A standardized microencapsulated test of olfactory function},
  author={Richard L. Doty and Paul Shaman and Michael J Dann},
  journal={Physiology \& Behavior},
  year={1984},
  volume={32},
  pages={489-502}
}
[Clinical application of the smell identification test].
TLDR
This self-administered test now makes it possible to rapidly and accurately assess general olfactory function in the laboratory, clinic, or through the mail without complex equipment or space consuming stores of chemicals.
A self-administered odor identification test procedure using the "Sniffin' Sticks".
TLDR
Results suggest that odor identification with the Sniffin' Sticks can also be administered by the subjects themselves, and validate a procedure allowing for self-administered olfactory testing in a clinical setting.
Olfactory Function and Age: a Sniffin’ Sticks Extended Test Study Performed in Sardinia
TLDR
A decrease in the odor detection threshold, discrimination and identification as well as in the global TDI score in subjects over 55 years of age is confirmed in Sardinian subjects.
Influences of age and sex on a microencapsulated odor memory test.
TLDR
Overall OMT scores were higher for women than for men, and decreased, in each sex, as a function of age in a manner similar to the age-related decline observed in tests of odor identification and detection.
A new Procedure for the Short Screening of Olfactory Function Using Five Items from the “Sniffin’ Sticks” Identification Test Kit
TLDR
The present data indicate the usefulness of the short screening test, which is able to confirm the presence of normosmia or mild hyposmia and can be carried in a pocket and the test takes only 3 minutes to perform.
Retronasal testing of olfactory function: an investigation and comparison in seven countries
TLDR
The strong cultural differences observed in retronasal identification underline the necessity to develop a culturally independent instrument that is applicable across cultures and can be used across different countries for diagnostics and clinical research.
A threshold-like measure for the assessment of olfactory sensitivity: the “random” procedure
TLDR
The so-called “random”-test was found to exhibit a test–retest reliability similar to that reported for established measures of olfactory function, and the fact that the new test requires little time and is easy to use can be expected to suit clinical needs.
Development of Chinese odor identification test.
TLDR
The COIT is an effective tool for assessing olfactory function in the Chinese population and based on the testing results of an additional 120 subjects, it was concluded that scores of 12-16, 7-11, and 0-6 corresponded to normsmia, hyposmia, and anosmia, respectively.
Number of descriptors in cued odor identification tests.
TLDR
Cued odor identification tests with various numbers of verbal descriptors produce similar results, however, an increasing number of alternative descriptive items seem to allow for better discrimination between individuals with and without olfactory loss.
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