Development of speechreading supplements based on automatic speech recognition

  title={Development of speechreading supplements based on automatic speech recognition},
  author={Paul Duchnowski and David Lum and Jean C. Krause and Matthew Sexton and Maroula Bratakos and Louis D. Braida},
  journal={IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering},
  volume={47 4},
In manual-cued speech (MCS) a speaker produces hand gestures to resolve ambiguities among speech elements that are often confused by speechreaders. The shape of the hand distinguishes among consonants; the position of the hand relative to the face distinguishes among vowels. Experienced receivers of MCS achieve nearly perfect reception of everyday connected speech. MCS has been taught to very young deaf children and greatly facilitates language learning, communication, and general education… CONTINUE READING


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