Development of prosocial, individualistic, and competitive orientations: theory and preliminary evidence.

@article{vanLange1997DevelopmentOP,
  title={Development of prosocial, individualistic, and competitive orientations: theory and preliminary evidence.},
  author={Paul A. M. van Lange and Willemien Otten and Ellen N. M. De Bruin and Jeff Joireman},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1997},
  volume={73 4},
  pages={
          733-46
        }
}
The authors adopt an interdependence analysis of social value orientation, proposing that prosocial, individualistic, and competitive orientations are (a) partially rooted in different patterns of social interaction as experienced during the periods spanning early childhood to young adulthood and (b) further shaped by different patterns of social interaction as experienced during early adulthood, middle adulthood, and old age. Congruent with this analysis, results revealed that relative to… 

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