Development of metallurgy in Eurasia

  title={Development of metallurgy in Eurasia},
  author={Benjamin Washington Roberts and Christopher P. Thornton and Vincent C. Pigott},
  pages={1012 - 1022}
The authors reconsider the origins of metallurgy in the Old World and offer us a new model in which metallurgy began in c. eleventh/ninth millennium BC in Southwest Asia due to a desire to adorn the human body in life and death using colourful ores and naturally-occurring metals. In the early sixth millennium BC the techniques of smelting were developed to produce lead, copper, copper alloys and eventually silver. The authors come down firmly on the side of single invention, seeing the… 
The origins of metallurgy in central Italy: new radiometric evidence
Precision radiocarbon dating continues to bring historical order into key moments of social and economic change, such as the use of metals. Here the author dates human bone in graves with metal
Aspects of Metalworking and Society from the Black Sea to the Baltic Sea from the Fifth to the Second Millennium BC
This chapter reviews the early evidence for metallurgy in south-eastern and central Europe from the fifth to the second millennium BC. This encompasses the use of copper minerals and ores through
Early Metallurgy in the Central Mediterranean
This chapter reevaluates the evidence and interpretation of early metallurgical practices and products in the central Mediterranean region, from the Middle Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age. The
A Chalcolithic Error: Rebuttal to Amzallag 2009
In the October 2009 issue of the AJA, Amzallag published a hypothesis for the origins and spread of furnace-based metallurgy in the Old World ("From Metallurgy to Bronze Age Civilizations: The
The Germination of Northern Bronzes
Metallurgical technology is one of the greatest inventions in history, as smelting, processing, and the use of metals are vital signs of a civilized society. The origin of metallurgy has been
A Chalcolithic Error: Rebuttal to Amzallag 2009
In the October 2009 issue of the AJA, Amzallag published a hypothesis for the origins and spread of furnacebased metallurgy in the Old World ("From Metallurgy to Bronze Age Civilizations: The
Hunter-gatherer metallurgy in the Early Iron Age of Northern Fennoscandia
Abstract The role of ferrous metallurgy in ancient communities of the Circumpolar North is poorly understood due, in part, to the widespread assumption that iron technology was a late introduction,
The Emergence of Metallurgy in the Central Mediterranean Region: A New Model
  • A. Dolfini
  • History
    European Journal of Archaeology
  • 2013
This study seeks to discuss the origins and early spread of metal technology in the central Mediterranean region. Neolithic and Copper Age evidence of metal-working and metal-using is first reviewed.
Ancient Technology and Archaeological Cultures: Understanding the Earliest Metallurgy in Eurasia
This paper reviews the evidence for the earliest metal objects and metal production practices throughout Eurasia. It is argued that it is through the movement of people possessing metallurgical
Tainted ores and the rise of tin bronzes in Eurasia, c. 6500 years ago
The earliest tin bronze artefacts in Eurasia are generally believed to have appeared in the Near East in the early third millennium BC. Here we present tin bronze artefacts that occur far from the


The oldest metallurgy in western Europe
Recent excavations at the Neolithic site of Cerro Virtud (Almería, southeast Spain) have produced new information about the development of metallurgy that may change ongoing research not only in the
Absolute dating of metallurgical innovations in the Vinča Culture of the Balkans
This paper discusses the chronology of the early metallurgy in the context of the Vinca Culture of the central Balkans on the basis of new radiometric evidence. The AMS dating programme focused
Ancient Metallurgy in the USSR: The Early Metal Age
A detailed study of the development of ancient mining and metallurgy in the northern half of Eurasia. While the first traces of metallurgical activity date from between the 7th and the 6th millennia
Copper and Bronze Metallurgy in Late Prehistoric Xinjiang: Its cultural context and relationship with neighbouring regions
Xinjiang was an important area for connections between the east and west of Central Asia, most notably in terms of metallurgical innovations and metal objects. This study of the later prehistory of
Of brass and bronze in prehistoric Southwest Asia
This paper presents a review of the numerous copper-zinc alloys (e.g. brass, gunmetal) that have been found in prehistoric contexts from the Aegean to India in the 3rd to the 1st millennium BC.
The development of metal production on the Iranian Plateau : An archaeometallurgical perspective
As an ore-rich metallogenic zone, the Iranian Plateau was, from the Neolithic period on, a major center for the development of a variety of metallurgical technologies. This chapter comprises an
The Beginnings of Metallurgy: A New Look
The upland belt and debouching river valleys of southwestern Asia have a clear priority in the beginnings of copper metallurgy and extractives generally, suggesting that the forces of urbanization contributing to the rise of metallurgical evolution there were more massive, widespread, and better integrated than elsewhere.
The Metallurgy of Gold and Silver in Prehistoric Times
  • C. Raub
  • Geology, Materials Science
  • 1995
The paper discusses aspects of the beginning of the metallurgy of gold and silver and compares them with modern results on the behaviour of impurities in similiar processes. For gold, sintering and
Aspects of early metallurgy in Mesopotamia and Anatolia
The Mesopotamian Metals Project (MMP) was undertaken in order to answer basic questions about the nature of metals used in different time periods and different areas of Mesopotamia. Drawing on the
Man's First Encounters With Metallurgy
In the article "Man9s first encounters with metallurgy" by T. A. Wertime (4 Dec., p. 1257) the interpretation of the kinds of shading used in Table 1 was printed in reverse order. The correct order.