Development of knowledge about the appearance-reality distinction.

@article{Flavell1986DevelopmentOK,
  title={Development of knowledge about the appearance-reality distinction.},
  author={John H. Flavell and Frederick L. Green and E R Flavell},
  journal={Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development},
  year={1986},
  volume={51 1},
  pages={i-v, 1-87}
}
7 studies of the acquisition of knowledge about the appearance-reality distinction suggest the following course of development. Many 3-year-olds seem to possess little or no understanding of the distinction. They fail the simplest Appearance-Reality (AR) tasks and are unresponsive to efforts to teach them the distinction. Skill in solving simple AR tasks is highly correlated with skill in solving simple perceptual Perspective-taking (PT) tasks; this suggests the hypothesis that the ability to… CONTINUE READING

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