Development of eggs of Antarctic krillEuphausia superba in relation to pressure

Abstract

This paper focuses upon the influence of increasing hydrostatic pressure on the development of krill eggs at 2°C. This experimental study on the embryology ofEuphausia superba was conducted at the Palmer Station, Antarctica during the 1982–1983 austral summer. The gravid females were captured from Bransfield Strait aboard theR/V Hero. The various embryological stages such as early cleavage, blastula, gastrula and limb-bud nauplius larva were defined and described. The duration for these various developmental stages at 1 atm was also established at +2°C and compared with the timing of this event at negative temperature. Krill embryonic development is inhibited at 4°C. The sinking rate of eggs and embryos was also measured at various pressure. The data suggest that pressure does not significantly influence the sinking rate. There appears to be a wide variation of sinking rates of eggs within the same brood. based on a simulated model of sinking rate, egg development was studied at increasing pressure. Pressure of 5–20 atm accelerates the rate of cleavage and therefore the 32-celled stage is attained within 5–8 h, while at 1 atm it took 13 h to reach the same stage. Pressure thus seems to have some influence on the duration of the development of different developmental stages of krill embryos.

DOI: 10.1007/BF00263875

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Cite this paper

@article{George2004DevelopmentOE, title={Development of eggs of Antarctic krillEuphausia superba in relation to pressure}, author={Robert Y. George and J. O. Str{\"{o}mberg}, journal={Polar Biology}, year={2004}, volume={4}, pages={125-133} }