Development of diagnosis and surgical treatment for patients with carcinoma of the esophagus.


Early-stage esophageal carcinomas are extremely difficult to detect because the patients have no complaints, and findings on the X-rays are nil. Lugol-combined endoscopy is the most effective method for detecting the presence of small carcinoma of the esophagus. This paper was, first, conducted on the diagnostic features of early-stage esophageal carcinoma… (More)