Development of bioassessment-based benchmarks for iron.

  title={Development of bioassessment-based benchmarks for iron.},
  author={Tyler Keith Linton and Manoel Augusto Whitaker Pacheco and Dennis Owen McIntyre and William H Clement and John Goodrich-Mahoney},
  journal={Environmental toxicology and chemistry},
  volume={26 6},
Current water-quality criteria for metals typically are derived from toxicity tests with the metal dissolved in clean laboratory water. Estimating the toxicity of iron from such tests, however, is extremely difficult because of the complex solubility and toxicity characteristics of the ferrous and ferric forms of the metal in freshwater. Consequently, a criterion for dissolved iron in freshwater derived from standard laboratory bioassays may not accurately describe the actual bioavailability… CONTINUE READING