Development of an instrument to measure cardiac illness dependency.


OBJECTIVE Dependency is frequently mentioned in the literature as a response of patients with cardiac disease. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a measure of dependency occurring in response to a cardiac illness. Illness dependency is defined as the need for emotional protection and social support after a significant change in health… (More)


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@article{Riegel1997DevelopmentOA, title={Development of an instrument to measure cardiac illness dependency.}, author={Barbara J. Riegel and Dale N Glaser and Victor Thomas and I T Gocka and Timothy A. Gillespie}, journal={Heart & lung : the journal of critical care}, year={1997}, volume={26 6}, pages={448-57} }