Development of air micro bubbles in the venous outlet line: an in vitro analysis of various air traps used for hemodialysis.

@article{Stegmayr2007DevelopmentOA,
  title={Development of air micro bubbles in the venous outlet line: an in vitro analysis of various air traps used for hemodialysis.},
  author={Christofer J Stegmayr and Per Jonsson and Ulf Forsberg and B. G. Stegmayr},
  journal={Artificial organs},
  year={2007},
  volume={31 6},
  pages={483-8}
}
Venous air traps were tested in vitro with respect to presence of micro bubbles. Three types of venous air traps were measured (Bioline, Bioline GmbH, Luckenwalde, Germany; Gambro, Gambro AB, Lund, Sweden; Fresenius M.C., Fresenius Medical Care AG & Co. KGaA, Bad Homburg, Germany). Measurements (n = 10) were taken for each air trap, fluid flow (50-600 mL/min), and fluid level (high/low). A 1.5-MHz ultrasound probe was used with an analysis device. The probe was mounted on the outlet line… CONTINUE READING