Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor‐Davidson Resilience Scale (CD‐RISC)

@article{Connor2003DevelopmentOA,
  title={Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor‐Davidson Resilience Scale (CD‐RISC)},
  author={Kathryn M. Connor and Jonathan R. T. Davidson},
  journal={Depression and Anxiety},
  year={2003},
  volume={18}
}
Resilience may be viewed as a measure of stress coping ability and, as such, could be an important target of treatment in anxiety, depression, and stress reactions. We describe a new rating scale to assess resilience. The Connor‐Davidson Resilience scale (CD‐RISC) comprises of 25 items, each rated on a 5‐point scale (0–4), with higher scores reflecting greater resilience. The scale was administered to subjects in the following groups: community sample, primary care outpatients, general… 

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