Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor‐Davidson Resilience Scale (CD‐RISC)

  title={Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor‐Davidson Resilience Scale (CD‐RISC)},
  author={Kathryn M. Connor and Jonathan R. T. Davidson},
  journal={Depression and Anxiety},
Resilience may be viewed as a measure of stress coping ability and, as such, could be an important target of treatment in anxiety, depression, and stress reactions. We describe a new rating scale to assess resilience. The Connor‐Davidson Resilience scale (CD‐RISC) comprises of 25 items, each rated on a 5‐point scale (0–4), with higher scores reflecting greater resilience. The scale was administered to subjects in the following groups: community sample, primary care outpatients, general… 

Validation of the Connor Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC) as applied within the Thai context

This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Thai version of the Connor Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), a 25-item self-report questionnaire developed to measure resilience. This was

Reliability and Validity of the Korean Version of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale

The K-CD-RISC showed good reliability and validity for measurement of resilience among Korean subjects and a five-factor structure that explained 57.2% of the variance.

Psychometric properties of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a non-clinical population in Sweden

The study showed that the Swedish version of CD-RISC is an instrument with high discriminant and predictive validity, although the original factor structure does not apply in this context.

Validation of the French Canadian Version of the Brief Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC 10)

Despite wide interest in the concept of resilience and its relevance to the study of a number of health issues, surprisingly few measures are available to assess the construct. This investigation was

Clinical correlates of resilience factors in geriatric depression

Resilience was significantly associated with a range of mental health constructs in a sample of older adults with depression and future clinical trials and dismantling studies may help determine whether interventions targeting grit, active coping, accommodative coping, and spirituality can increase resilience and help prevent and treat depression in older adults.

Development of a new resilience scale: the resilience in midlife scale (RIM scale)

Resilience, the ability to maintain or regain positive levels of functioning despite adversity, is one of several strengths that can assist people in positive life adaptation. Midlife (35 - 60 years)

Greek Version of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale: Psychometric Properties in a Sample of 546 Subjects

CD-RISC is a reliable and valid measure of resilience and can be used for clinical and research aims in the Greek population, establishing adequate convergent validity.

Psychometric Evaluation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a Sample of Indian Students

Abstract Resilience refers to an individual’s ability to thrive despite adversity. The current study examined the psychometric properties of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in the

Reliability and validity of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) Spanish Version.

The Spanish version of the BRS is a reliable and valid means to assess resilience as the ability to bounce back and has adequate evidence of the scores' convergent, concurrent and predictive validity.



Development and psychometric evaluation of the Resilience Scale.

The development and initial psychometric evaluation of the Resilience Scale in a sample of 810 community-dwelling older adults support the internal consistency reliability and concurrent validity of the RS as an instrument to measure resilience.

A global measure of perceived stress.

The Perceived Stress Scale showed adequate reliability and, as predicted, was correlated with life-event scores, depressive and physical symptomatology, utilization of health services, social anxiety, and smoking-reduction maintenance and was a better predictor of the outcome in question than were life- event scores.

Hardiness and Major Personality Factors

This study tested Maddi and Khoshaba's 1994 hypothesis that Hardiness is an index of mental health by testing a sample of 241 undergraduates completed the Dispositional Resilience Scale, the Revised NEO Personality Inventory, and the Psychopathology–5 Scales and indicated that the tested hypothesis was supported.

Is neuroticism a modifiable risk factor for depression?

  • N. Gormley
  • Psychology
    Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine
  • 2000
High neuroticism has been shown to act both as an independent risk factor for late life depression, as well as moderating the effect of medical illness on depression.

The metatheory of resilience and resiliency.

Application of resilience using an educational and practical framework provides a means for connecting with and nurturing a client's resilience, which is the force that drives a person to grow through adversity and disruptions.

Resilience-recovery factors in post-traumatic stress disorder among female and male Vietnam veterans: hardiness, postwar social support, and additional stressful life events.

Structural equation modeling procedures were used to examine relationships among several war zone stressor dimensions, resilience-recovery factors, and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in a national sample of Vietnam veterans and supported strong mediation effects for the intrapersonal resource characteristic of hardiness.

Stressful life events, personality, and health: an inquiry into hardiness.

  • S. Kobasa
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1979
Personality was studied as a conditioner of the effects of stressful life events on illness onset to support the prediction that high stress/low illness executives show, by comparison with high Stress/high illness executives, more hardiness.

Heroes in the nursery: three case studies in resilience.

  • Carl F. Rak
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical psychology
  • 2002
Each case reveals specific dimensions of the impact of heroes in the nursery which extend understandings of resiliency in children and adolescents as a proactive response to stress, trauma, and loss.

The Resiliency Model

Abstract The health education and prevention professions are in the midst of a philosophical revolution attempting to build upon negative directioned risk reduction programs, which are driven by the