Development of a multiplex PCR method for the simultaneous detection of four myxosporeans infecting gibel carp Carassius auratus gibelio.

Abstract

Gibel carp Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch), a commercially important freshwater-cultured fish in China, is threatened by myxosporeans, particularly Thelohanellus wuhanensis, Myxobolus honghuensis, M. wulii and M. turpisrotundus. Here, we developed a multiplex PCR assay for simultaneous detection of these 4 myxosporeans. The specific primers for each species were designed based on the 28S rDNA gene of T. wuhanensis, the ITS-5.8S rDNA of M. honghuensis and M. wulii, and the 18S rDNA gene of M. turpisrotundus. Specificity testing confirmed that the 4 primer sets have no cross-reactivity with other related myxosporean species tested. Detection limits of the multiplex PCR assay were 0.2, 0.3, 3.1 and 3.8 spores for T. wuhanensis, M. honghuensis, M. wulii and M. turpisrotundus, respectively. Following screening of 104 field samples, the analytical sensitivity of the present multiplex PCR assay was found to be similar to the sensitivity obtained by the singleplex PCR assays and was higher than that of microscopic examination. Moreover, Kappa analysis showed a strong agreement between the results of the singleplex and multiplex PCR assays, indicating that the developed multiplex PCR assay was an efficient approach for the diagnosis of the 4 myxosporeans infecting gibel carp.

DOI: 10.3354/dao03100

Cite this paper

@article{Li2017DevelopmentOA, title={Development of a multiplex PCR method for the simultaneous detection of four myxosporeans infecting gibel carp Carassius auratus gibelio.}, author={Dan Li and Yanhua Zhai and Zemao Gu and Yang Liu}, journal={Diseases of aquatic organisms}, year={2017}, volume={124 1}, pages={31-39} }