Development of a laboratory exposure system using marine fish to carry out realistic effect studies with produced water discharged from offshore oil production.


A biotest system for environmentally realistic exposure of fish to produced water (PW) was developed and tested. Authentic PW was collected at an oil production platform in the North Sea and preserved by freezing in multiple aliquots a 25L. After transport to the test laboratory onshore, daily PW aliquots were thawed, homogenised and administered to the… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.04.016