Development of Smallpox Vaccine in England in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

  title={Development of Smallpox Vaccine in England in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries},
  author={J A Didgeon},
  journal={British Medical Journal},
  pages={1367 - 1372}
or Parish respectively . . . for the vaccination of all Persons resident in such Unions or Parishes respectively . . . "And Be it further enacted, That any person who shall from and after the passing of this Act produce or cause to produce in any Person, by Inoculating with Variolous Matter, or by wilful exposure to Variolous Matter, or wilfully by any other Means whatsoever produce the Disease of Smallpox in any person shall be liable to be proceeded against . . . and shall, upon Conviction… 
Vaccination-Induced Syphilis and the Hübner Malpractice Litigation
  • T. Benedek
  • Medicine
    Perspectives in biology and medicine
  • 2012
The litigation and its published contemporaneous discussion demonstrate conflicts in the understanding of syphilis, the hazards of having to make a purely clinical diagnosis, the effect of obsolete legal wording in medical litigation, and the attitude of leading physicians to a guilty colleague.
Immunization in Times Ancient and Modern 1
  • J. Dudgeon
  • History
    Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
  • 1980
It was a common practice in India and China in ancient times deliberately to expose people to smallpox, usually to a mild form of the disease, and this practice was subsequently referred to as 'variolation'.
Smallpox and its eradication
The author worked for the smallpox eradi-cation programme in western Africa in 1962-1963 as a member of the staff of the W H O Regional Office for Africa, and joined the Smallpox Eradication unit, of which he was Chief from 1977 until 1984.
Life and death of smallpox.
The Jenner bicentenary: the introduction and early distribution of smallpox vaccine.
  • D. Baxby
  • Economics
    FEMS immunology and medical microbiology
  • 1996
Although based on relatively slender evidence, Jenner's theories were basically sound and he merits the credit given him, and vaccination became established very quickly in many countries.
Clergy and Vaccination in Southern Italy in the Early Nineteenth Century
Thirty years ago, in his introduction to the volume of Annali di Storia d’Italia Einaudi devoted to the theme Malattia e medicina (Disease and Medicine), the Italian historian Franco Della Peruta


On Vaccination: Its Value and Alleged Dangers
  • E. Seaton, D. M.
  • Medicine, History
    The British and foreign medico-chirurgical review
  • 1869
The proposed scheme to stamp out Smallpox and other Contagious Diseases and its tested effect on Health, Mortality and Population.
Lancet, 2, 1027
  • Report of
  • 1962
Health for the year ended March 31, 1945, including the Report of the Chief Medical Officer
  • Appendix A, p. 119. H.M.S.O.,
  • 1945
In A System of Bacteriology, vol
  • 7, p. 84.
  • 1930
A Report on Vaccination and its Results, based on the evidence taken by the Royal Commission
  • Royal Commission on Vaccination
The Evidence at Large, as laid before the Committee of the House of Commons, respecting Dr. Jenner's Discovery of Vaccine Inoculation
Transactions of the International Congress of Hygiene, 2, 325. (1899). Vaccination; its Natural History and Pathology, Milroy Lectures for 1898
  • Rep. Med. Off. Loc. Gov. Bd