Development and validation of ego-identity status.

  title={Development and validation of ego-identity status.},
  author={James E. Marcia},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={3 5},
  • J. Marcia
  • Published 1 May 1966
  • Psychology
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
4 modes of reacting to the late adolescent identity crisis were described, measured, and validated. Criteria for inclusion in 1 of 4 identity statuses were the presence of crisis and commitment in the areas of occupation and ideology. Statuses were determined for 86 college male Ss by means of individual interviews. Performance on a stressful concept-attainment task, patterns of goal setting, authoritarianism, and vulnerability to self-esteem change were dependent variables. Ss higher in ego… 

Tables from this paper

To achieve the status of ego identity remains the most important challenge for the adolescence period and consequently is a challenge for developmental psychologists too. The vast majority of studies
The impact of the identity crisis on the adjustment of late adolescent males
The results obtained indicated that subjects in the identity achievement status obtained MMPI scores which fell within the normal range of functioning, which partly support Erikson's theorizing on ego identity and indicate that further analysis and refinement of Marcia's typology is required.
Construction and Validation of an Ego Integrity Status Interview
The validity of the integrity status construct and the interview designed to measure it have been supported and provide the basis for suggested refinements within Erikson's description of the Ego Integrity versus Despair stage.
Examining the Light and Dark Sides of Emerging Adults’ Identity: A Study of Identity Status Differences in Positive and Negative Psychosocial Functioning
An empirically based, cluster-analytic identity status model was evaluated to examine whether all four of Marcia’s identity statuses would emerge empirically, and to identify different patterns of identity formation among American college-attending emerging adults.
Processes of personal identity formation and evaluation.
In the present chapter, we propose a process-oriented model suited to map personal identity development across different phases of the lifespan and in different domains of identity. Primarily
Ego identity status research in the new millennium
The present brief report overviews developments in the field of ego identity status research over the past 35 years and suggests directions for identity status research as we enter the new millenium.
Developing Who I Am: A Self-Determination Theory Approach to the Establishment of Healthy Identities
According to traditional theories of identity development, exploration of one's potentials and commitment to a coherent set of values, goals, and behaviors are important to healthy identity
Vocational Identity Trajectories: Differences in Personality and Development of Well–Being
This person–centred study investigated the longitudinal patterns of vocational identity development in relation to personality, the development of well–being, gender, nationality and the attended


Relationship of Ego Identity to Psychosocial Effectiveness
This study was designed to examine systematically the relationship of Erikson's concept of ego identity to psychosocial effectiveness as actually demonstrated in daily living. Two groups of Navy
Childhood and Society.
The original and vastly influential ideas of Erik H. Erikson underlie much of our understanding of human development. His insights into the interdependence of the individuals' growth and historical
The Authoritarian Personality
The Authoritarian Personality "invented a set of criteria by which to define personality traits, ranked these traits and their intensity in any given person on what it called the 'F scale' (F for
The Problem of Ego Identity
  • E. Erikson
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
  • 1956