Development and validation of a scale measuring attitudes toward smoking.

@article{Shore2000DevelopmentAV,
  title={Development and validation of a scale measuring attitudes toward smoking.},
  author={Teri Shore and Armen Tashchian and J. J. Adams},
  journal={The Journal of social psychology},
  year={2000},
  volume={140 5},
  pages={615-23}
}
The authors developed the Smoking Attitudes Scale (SAS) and administered it to 2 samples of U.S. students who were smokers or nonsmokers. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis with LISREL (K. G. Jöreskog & D. Sörbom, 1989) methodology revealed that the SAS consists of 4 factors. The overall instrument possesses good internal consistency and adequate construct validity as well.