Development and reliability of a system to classify gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy

@article{Palisano1997DevelopmentAR,
  title={Development and reliability of a system to classify gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy},
  author={R. Palisano and P. Rosenbaum and S. Walter and D. Russell and E. Wood and B. Galuppi},
  journal={Developmental Medicine \& Child Neurology},
  year={1997},
  volume={39}
}
To address the need for a standardized system to classify the gross motor function of children with cerebral palsy, the authors developed a five‐level classification system analogous to the staging and grading systems used in medicine. Nominal group process and Delphi survey consensus methods were used to examine content validity and revise the classification system until consensus among 48 experts (physical therapists, occupational therapists, and developmental pediatricians with expertise in… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
The NICU at the IWK Health Center in Halifax, Nova Scotia is embarking on a redevelopment project that will see its current open bay design converted to a single room care… Expand
ConditionsNeurodevelopmental Outcomes
InterventionOther
Observational Clinical Trial
The study aims to determine the reliability and validity of the CFCS-NL and VSS-NL (both speech and language-related classification scales for children with cerebral palsy) for… Expand
ConditionsCerebral Palsy, Communication
InterventionOther
Interventional Clinical Trial
The purpose of this study is to develop a simulated hippotherapy system controlled by electromyography (EMG) signals and investigate its effectiveness in children with cerebral… Expand
ConditionsCerebral Palsy
InterventionOther
Development of the Gross Motor Function Classification System (1997)
  • C. Morris
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Developmental medicine and child neurology
  • 2008
TLDR
A five‐level classification system analogous to the staging and grading systems used in medicine, which has application for clinical practice, research, teaching, and administration is developed. Expand
Development of the Gross Motor Function Classification System for cerebral palsy
TLDR
The ideas and work behind the creation of the GMFCS are recounted, the lessons learned are reported on, and some philosophical challenges inherent in trying to develop an ordered, valid, and consistent system to describe function in children and adolescents with developmental differences are identified. Expand
Stability of the gross motor function classification system in children with cerebral palsy for two years
TLDR
The findings indicate that the stability of GMFCS varies with time, duration, and age, and it is recommended thatGMFCS assessments be performed periodically, which are even more necessary for children with CP aged 2–4 years. Expand
The Gross Motor Function Classification System for Cerebral Palsy: a study of reliability and stability over time
TLDR
The GMFCS can validly predict motor function for children with CP and the results are discussed in terms of their implications for clinical practice and future research. Expand
The Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) for children with cerebral palsy: scale development and evidence of validity and reliability
The Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) has been developed to classify how children with cerebral palsy (CP) use their hands when handling objects in daily activities. The classification isExpand
The Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) for children with cerebral palsy: scale development and evidence of validity and reliability.
TLDR
Reliability was tested between pairs of therapists for 168 children between 4 and 18 years and between 25 parents and their children's therapists, demonstrating that MACS has good validity and reliability. Expand
The Gross Motor Function Classification System for Cerebral Palsy: a study of reliability and stability over time
Children with cerebral palsy (CP) experience a change in motor function with age and development. It is important to consider this expected change in offering a prognosis, or in assessing differencesExpand
The Gross Motor Function Classification System for Cerebral Palsy: a study of reliability and stability over time
TLDR
The GMFCS can validly predict motor function for children with CP and the results are discussed in terms of their implications for clinical practice and future research. Expand
Reliability of the gross motor function classification system and the manual ability classification system in children with cerebral palsy in Tanzania
TLDR
GFCS and MACS demonstrated excellent reliability, but not sensitivity to change, in children with cerebral palsy in Tanzania. Expand
Classification systems in cerebral palsy.
TLDR
The purpose of this article is to update the orthopaedic community on the current classification systems for patients with cerebral palsy, which will be of value to surgeons in determining patients' suitability for certain treatments and will also assist them in reviewing current literature in cerebral palsY. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
Problems in the Classification of Cerebral Palsy in Childhood
TLDR
The present article presents a neurological classification which the authors have found useful and compares it to a number of older and contemporary classifications. Expand
The Gross Motor Performance Measure: Validity and Responsiveness of a Measure of Quality of Movement
TLDR
A measure of gross motor performance for its capacity to detect changes in the quality of movement in children with cerebral palsy aged 0 to 12 years was found to be differentially responsive to changes in "stable" and "responsive" groups. Expand
THE GROSS MOTOR FUNCTION MEASURE: A MEANS TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL THERAPY
TLDR
Correlations between scores for change on this measure and the judgments of change by parents, therapists and ‘blind’ evaluators supported the hypothesis that the instrument would be responsive to both negative and positive changes. Expand
Cerebral palsy: postural-locomotor prognosis in spastic diplegia.
Prognosis of locomotion in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is complicated by the variety of motor and other neurologic deficits in each case. Children presenting with spastic diplegic (SD) CPExpand
TERMINOLOGY AND CLASSIFICATION OF CEREBRAL PALSY
  • M. Bax
  • Medicine
  • Developmental medicine and child neurology
  • 1964
TLDR
The group reached agreement on a definition of cerebral palsy, but ran into difficulties after this and ran into considerable difficulty when they went on to discuss the classification of various types of cerebral paresis. Expand
SPECIAL ARTICLE A CLASSIFICATION OF CEREBRAL PALSY
TLDR
There is a good deal of evidence that neurological signs and symptoms change in the child with cerebral palsy as the nervous system matures and that one must be cautious in making a final descriptive or symptomatic diagnosis in infancy. Expand
MOTOR FUNCTION OF INFANTS WITH ATHETOID CEREBRAL PALSY
TLDR
The motor function of 35 children with athetoid cercbral palsy was examined retrospectively using videotape recordinss made at five to eight months of age, and asymmetric or sscctssive opening of the mouth was present in all infants. Expand
Infantile cerebral palsy; classification and clinical correlations.
TLDR
The present paper is limited to a consideration of the classification and specific etiological correlations of the cerebral palsy. Expand
International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps
  • B. Ford
  • Medicine
  • Releve epidemiologique hebdomadaire
  • 1993
TLDR
The Australian College of Paediatrics has shown the way by producing a balanced and thoughtful Discussion Document, and it is to be hoped that the Human Rights Commission will see fit to take this important matter further. Expand
Neuromotor Development of Graduates of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: Patterns Encountered in the First Two Years of Life
TLDR
The neurodevelopmental course of 219 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit graduates followed prospectively over 2 years was determined on retrospective chart review, and small for gestational age infants demonstrated a slightly higher incidence of persistent abnormalities than their appropriate for Gestational age counterparts. Expand
...
1
2
...