Development and preliminary validation of a mental toughness inventory for Australian football

@article{Gucciardi2009DevelopmentAP,
  title={Development and preliminary validation of a mental toughness inventory for Australian football},
  author={Daniel F. Gucciardi and Sandy Gordon and James A. Dimmock},
  journal={Psychology of Sport and Exercise},
  year={2009},
  volume={10},
  pages={201-209}
}
Abstract Objectives This paper describes the development and preliminary evaluation of the Australian football Mental Toughness Inventory (AfMTI). Methods Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses were employed to explore the factor structure of a pool of items designed to capture the key components of mental toughness in Australian football [Gucciardi, D.F., Gordon, S., & Dimmock, J.A. (2008). Towards an understanding of mental toughness in Australian football. Journal of Applied Sport… Expand
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