Development and evaluation of a canine laparoscopic simulator for veterinary clinical training.


Human laparoscopic simulators have been used in medical education for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in the past years. Simulator-based laparoscopic training has attracted much interest because unique skills have to be learned not only by surgeons in training but also by surgeons in practice. MIS forces the surgeon to adapt to monocular vision and… (More)
DOI: 10.3138/jvme.0913-136R1