Development and Validation of the Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale

@article{Bride2004DevelopmentAV,
  title={Development and Validation of the Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale},
  author={Brian E. Bride and Margaret M. Robinson and Bonnie L. Yegidis and Charles R. Figley},
  journal={Research on Social Work Practice},
  year={2004},
  volume={14},
  pages={27 - 35}
}
Objective: To describe the development and validation of the Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale (STSS), a 17-item instrument designed to measure intrusion, avoidance, and arousal symptoms associated with indirect exposure to traumatic events via one’s professional relationships with traumatized clients. Method: A sample of 287 licensed social workers completed a mailed survey containing the STSS and other relevant survey items. Results: Evidence was found for reliability, convergent and… 

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