Development and Validation of the Homophobia Scale

  title={Development and Validation of the Homophobia Scale},
  author={Lester W. Jr. Wright and Henry E. Adams and J. Christopher Bernat},
  journal={Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment},
This study describes the development and validation of the Homophobia Scale. The scale was developed to assess the cognitive, affective, and behavioral components of homophobia. The participants (n=321 for the field trials and n=122 for test–retest reliability) were college students from a large Midwestern university. Results yielded a 25-item questionnaire consisting of three factors: a factor that assesses mainly negative cognitions regarding homosexuality, a factor that assess primarily… Expand
Italian Validation of Homophobia Scale (HS)
The Italian validation of the HS revealed the use of this self-report test to have good psychometric properties and can be introduced into the clinical praxis and into programs for the prevention of homophobic behavior. Expand
Homophobia: personality and attitudinal correlates
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether homophobia reflects a specific negative sentiment towards gay men or whether it incorporates a broader anti-feminine disposition. As such,Expand
Exploring the Relation Between Bullying and Homophobic Verbal Content: The Homophobic Content Agent Target (HCAT) Scale
This investigation quantitatively examines the association among homophobic content, bullying, victimization, empathy, and several psychosocial outcomes of these constructs. The 2-factor HomophobicExpand
Systematic review of instruments measuring homophobia and related constructs
Since its conceptualization, the construct of homophobia has been the subject of many speculations about its specificity, reach, and possibility of empirical assessment. Several instruments have beenExpand
The English Version of the Attitudes Toward Homosexuality Scale
The present study reports the psychometric properties of the English version of the short form of the Attitudes Toward Homosexuality Scale (ATHS; Falomir-Pichastor & Mugny, 2009). Workers fromExpand
The Development and Validation of the Genderism and Transphobia Scale
A series of three studies were conducted to develop and validate a scale to measure violence, harassment, and discrimination toward cross-dressers, transgenderists, and transsexuals. In Study 1, weExpand
An examination of parental homophobia: the creation and validation of the parental homophobic affect scale
AN EXAMINATION OF PARENTAL HOMOPHOBIA: THE CREATION AND VALIDATION OF THE PARENTAL HOMOPHOBIC AFFECT SCALE Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth face many challenges inExpand
The Biphobia Scale a Decade Later: Reflections and Additions
Biphobia, which has been defined as negative attitudes about bisexuality and bisexual individuals, is a psychological construct that is, at present, not well understood. Ochs described theExpand
Disgust sensitivity mediates the link between homophobia and sexual orientation obsessive-compulsive symptoms
Results of separate parallel mediation analyses indicated that the relationships between homophobic affect/attitudes and avoidance/aggression on one hand, and SO-OC symptoms on the other, were partially mediated specifically by disgust sensitivity, after controlling for gender. Expand
Psychoticism, Immature Defense Mechanisms and a Fearful Attachment Style are Associated with a Higher Homophobic Attitude.
The involvement of psychoticism and immature defense mechanisms in homophobic attitudes are demonstrated, while a contrasting role is played by neurotic defense mechanisms and depressive symptoms. Expand


Homophobia: Conceptual, definitional, and value issues
The construct of homophobia and the psychometric properties of instruments purporting to measure homophobia are critically evaluated. The history of the term and its various definitions are brieflyExpand
Personality and Emotional Correlates of Self-Reported Antigay Behaviors
This study examined the relationship between the emotional response of homophobia and selected personality and self-report behavioral variables. Scales 4, 5, and 9 of the Minnesota MultiphasicExpand
A strategy for the measurement of homophobia.
A new measure of homophobia, called the IHP, is presented, and the finding of a study designed to validate the new scale was found to have a reliability of .90 and good content and factorial validity. Expand
Behavioral aspects of homonegativity.
A reliable and valid measure of self-reported anti-gay behaviors should help advance the understanding of the relationships among the affective, cognitive, and behavioral aspects of homonegativity. Expand
“Homophobia” or homosexual bias reconsidered
  • B. Fyfe
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Archives of sexual behavior
  • 1983
It is suggested that the concept of homophobia be abandoned in favor of another concept such as homosexual bias, except in rare cases where anxiety arousal leads to overt phobic avoidance. Expand
Attitudes toward lesbians and gay men: a factor-analytic study.
  • G. Herek
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of homosexuality
  • 1984
It is argued that scales assessing attitudes toward lesbians and gay men should restrict their content to items loading highly on the Condemnation-Tolerance factor. Expand
Using Visual Media to Reduce Homophobia: A Classroom Demonstration
A classroom demonstration using visual media was designed as a means for decreasing homophobia. Slides and video scenarios showed that gay/lesbian/bisexual characters are most often depicted asExpand
Hate crimes against lesbians and gay men. Issues for research and policy.
  • G. Herek
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American psychologist
  • 1989
Assaults may have increased in frequency during the last few years, with many incidents now including spoken references to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome by the assailants. Expand
Modern Factor Analysis
This thoroughly revised third edition of Harry H. Harman's authoritative text incorporates the many new advances made in computer science and technology over the last ten years. The author gives fullExpand
Society and the Healthy Homosexual