Imidacloprid is used as an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) in veterinary drugs to control fleas and ticks for dogs and cats. Here we are reporting for the first time a validated stability-indicating reversed-phase UPLC-UV method for the assay of imidacloprid and estimation of its related compounds. The stability-indicating capability of this method has been demonstrated by a forced degradation study. All related compounds including processing impurities, imidacloprid API and degradates from stressed samples were well separated from each other. Structures of major degradates from forced degradation study were elucidated through UPLC-MS/MS and key degradation pathways were proposed from the proposed chemical structures of major degradates. The UPLC-UV method is carried out using an HSS T3 column (C18, 2.1 × 30 mm, 1.8 μm particle size) maintained at 30°C with mobile phase A (0.05% v/v of phosphoric acid in water) and mobile phase B (methanol/acetonitrile 75/25 v/v). Analytes are separated by a gradient elution and detected at 270 nm. The UPLC method is green and fast with only 6.5 min run time and about 3.5 ml mobile phase consumption for each sample analysis. The UPLC-UV method was validated according to ICH guidelines.