Development, democracy, and mass killings

@article{Easterly2006DevelopmentDA,
  title={Development, democracy, and mass killings},
  author={William Russell Easterly and Roberta V. Gatti and Sergio Andres Kurlat},
  journal={Journal of Economic Growth},
  year={2006},
  volume={11},
  pages={129-156}
}
Using a newly assembled dataset spanning from 1820 to 1998, we study the relationship between the occurrence and magnitude of episodes of mass killing and the levels of development and democracy across countries and over time. Mass killings appear to be more likely at intermediate levels of income and less likely at very high levels of democracy. However, the estimated relationship between democracy and probability of mass killings is not linear in the full sample. In the XXth century, discrete… 
The Legacy of Political Mass Killings: Evidence from the Rwandan Genocide
We study how political mass killings affect later economic performance, using data from the Rwandan Genocide. To establish causality, we build on Yanagizawa-Drott (2012) and exploit village-level
Growth, Democracy, and Civil War
Are civil wars partly caused by low economic growth? And do democratic institutions attenuate the impact of low growth on the likelihood of civil war? Our approach to answering these questions
Taxes, Lawyers, and the Decline of Witch Trials in France
This paper explores the rise of the fiscal state in the early modern period and its impact on legal capacity. To measure legal capacity, we establish that witchcraft trials were more likely to take
Political economy of the Indonesian mass killing of 1965-1966
This chapter sketches the build up to the mass killing (politicide) of communists and communist sympathisers in Indonesia, during 1965 to 1966. Our key contribution is to explain why ordinary
From Malthusian war to Solovian peace
State-Sponsored Mass Killing in African Wars—Greed or Grievance?
What motivates African governments to engage in mass killings at some stage in the armed conflicts? I make the argument that violence against civilians is the outcome of a rational decision process.
H i C N Households in Conflict Network
Since World War II there have been about fifty episodes of large-scale mass killings of civilians and massive forced displacements. They were usually meticulously planned and independent of military
THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF STATE TERROR
This paper analyzes factors contributing to terrorism, using its initial meaning from the French Revolution in which the state is the terrorist. The independent economic variables are mineral
Can only democracies enhance “Human Development”? Evidence from the Former Soviet Countries
Despite the considerable interest in the concept of human development, there has been little research on the political determinants of its dimensions. This paper investigates the role played by the
Fractionalization, Polarization, and Conflict
Inequality in income distribution in a country has often been regarded as one of the determinants of social conflict. The index of fractionalization has been widely used in different studies to link
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 41 REFERENCES
Democracy, Power, Genocide, and Mass Murder
From 1900 to 1987, state, quasi-state, and stateless groups have killed in democide (genocide, massacres, extrajudicial executions, and the like) nearly 170,000,000 people. Case studies and
Political systems, stability and civil wars
In this paper we analyze theoretically and empirically the stability of the different political systems; that is, their ability to prevent conflict. According to our model, the proportional system
Greed and Grievance in Civil War
We investigate the causes of civil war, using a new data set of wars during 1960-99. We test a `greed’ theory focusing on the ability to finance rebellion, against a`grievance’ theory focusing on
Power Kills: Democracy as a Method of Nonviolence
This volume, newly published in paperback, is part of a comprehensive effort by R. J. Rummel to understand and place in historical perspective the entire subject of genocide and mass murder, or what
State-Sponsored Mass Murder
The author argues that openings in the political opportunity structure, rather than the levels of concentration of power, best predict the onset of genocides or politicides and which states will
Ethnicity, Political Systems, and Civil Wars
The effect of ethnic division on civil war and the role of political systems in preventing these conflicts are analyzed, using the importance of religious polarization and animist diversity to
Africa's Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions
Explaining cross-country differences in growth rates requires not only an understanding of the link between growth and public policies, but also an understanding of why countries choose different
On the Incidence of Civil War in Africa
An econometric model of civil war is applied to the analysis of conflict in sub-Saharan Africa. Results show that Africa has had a similar incidence of civil conflict to other developing regions,
AID, Policy and Peace: Reducing the risks of civil conflict
We analyze theoretically and empirically the effects of economic policy and the receipt of foreign aid on the risk of civil war. We find that aid and policy do not have direct effects upon conflict
On economic causes of civil war
The authors investigate whether civil wars have economic causes. The model is based on utility theory, rebels will conduct a civil war if the perceived benefits outweigh the costs of rebellion. Using
...
1
2
3
4
5
...