Developing mental toughness: Perceptions of elite female gymnasts

  title={Developing mental toughness: Perceptions of elite female gymnasts},
  author={Richard C. Thelwell and Bev A. Such and Neil J. V. Weston and Julian D. Such and Iain A. Greenlees},
  journal={International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology},
  pages={170 - 188}
Abstract The present study examined how elite female gymnasts developed their mental toughness. Following semistructured interviews with 10 elite performers, inductive content analysis revealed four general dimensions that contributed to the development of their mental toughness. These included the sport process, sporting personnel, nonsporting personnel, and environmental influences. Although many of the findings reflect those from previous research but within a specific sport, a unique and… Expand
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