Developing mechanisms of self-regulation

  title={Developing mechanisms of self-regulation},
  author={M I Posne and Mary K. Rothbart},
  journal={Development and Psychopathology},
  pages={427 - 441}
Child development involves both reactive and self-regulatory mechanisms that children develop in conjunction with social norms. A half-century of research has uncovered aspects of the physical basis of attentional networks that produce regulation, and has given us some knowledge of how the social environment may alter them. In this paper, we discuss six forms of developmental plasticity related to aspects of attention. We then focus on effortful or executive aspects of attention, reviewing… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
This is a randomized, controlled trial of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) designed to test the effects of PCIT on self-regulation and behavior in child maltreating (CM) parents… Expand
ConditionsChild Abuse, Parenting, Self-control
Self-regulation and school readiness
Self-regulation of behavior generally refers to controlled, cognitive monitoring of the actions and steps required to obtain a goal, or to bring about a desired response from the environment.Expand
Multidisciplinary perspectives on attention and the development of self-regulation
This paper brings together the updated empirical findings related to the role of attention and the maturation of brain frontal areas in self-regulation and focuses on the attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Expand
Self-regulatory processes in early personality development: A multilevel approach to the study of childhood social withdrawal and aggression
Significant gaps remain in knowledge of the pathways to disordered behavior and the role that self-regulation plays in such pathways, and suggestions are made for the ways in which future longitudinal studies might address these gaps. Expand
Development of executive attention in preschool children
The development of self-regulatory systems during the preschool years is accompanied by a dramatic increase in the ability to inhibit actions based on the directions of others. Several tasks haveExpand
Self-Regulation and Psychopathology: Toward an Integrative Translational Research Paradigm.
  • T. Strauman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Annual review of clinical psychology
  • 2017
How the construct of self-regulation provides a unique conceptual platform for the study of psychopathology is elucidated and that platform is illustrated by presenting the research on depression as an example. Expand
Early Intervention and the Development of Self-Regulation
Self-regulation is the key mediator between genetic predisposition, early experience, and adult functioning. This paper argues that all the key mechanisms underpinning the enduring effects of earlyExpand
Self-Regulation: Brain, Cognition, and Development
As humans, we self-regulate whenever we adapt our emotions and actions to situational requirements and to internalized social standards and norms. Self-regulation encompasses skills such as payingExpand
Prenatal Developmental Origins of Early Brain and Behavior Development, of Self-Regulation in Adolescence, and of Cognition and Central and Autonomic Nervous System Function in Adulthood
The study of Developmental Origins of Behavior, Health and Disease (DOBHaD) encompasses both short- and long-term consequences of conditions in the environment relevant to behavior, health, andExpand
Developmental Pathways of Emotion Regulation in Childhood: A Neuropsychological Perspective
This article presents a model featuring two types of emotion regulation—reactive and deliberate—and discusses the developmental trajectory of both types. We argue that the later-developing capacityExpand
The development of behavioral self-regulation across preschool and its association with academic achievement
THE DEVELOPMENT OF SELF-REGULATION ACROSS PRESCHOOL AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT By Janelle J. Montroy A fundamental accomplishment of early childhood is the development ofExpand


Developmental Psychopathology: Reactions, Reflections, Projections
In this paper, I describe the field of developmental psychopathology, discuss its major tenets, and delineate its boundaries with other disciplines with an eye toward the future. I articulate how IExpand
Temperament and personality: origins and outcomes.
Basic measurement strategies and findings in the investigation of temperament in infancy and childhood are reviewed, and adult research suggesting links between temperament dispositions and the Big Five personality factors is described. Expand
Sensitivity to spatial conflict and the development of self-regulation in children 24–36 months of age.
This paper describes a task involving conflict between location and identity, two early developing visual system functions. From 2 years of age, children, like adults, responded more slowly and lessExpand
The role of emotion in moral socialization
will discuss the relationship of that research to some of the more enduring theoretical issues in emotion. Theories of emotion wax and wane across a more extended time frame than is typical forExpand
Emotions, cognition, and behavior
The seventeen contributions to this volume demonstrate the enormous progress that has been achieved recently in our understanding of emotions. Current cognitive formulations andExpand
Temperament and social behavior in childhood
Relationships were explored between measures of temperament and the social behavior patterns of empathy, guilt/shame, aggression, help-seeking, and negativity for a group of 6- to 7-year-oldExpand
Temperament in childhood.
Partial table of contents: CONCEPTS AND MEASURES. Temperament as an Intervening Variable (R. Hinde). Temperament in Childhood: A Framework (M. Rothbart). TEMPERAMENT AND BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES.Expand
Development of the functional visual field.
It is argued that the study of orienting in the functional visual field is timely because it deals with the relation of covert attention shifts, eye movements and head movements to their underlying neurology, and a method to study learning of sequences at all ages from infants to adults is developed. Expand
The role of the amygdala in fear-potentiated startle: implications for animal models of anxiety.
  • M. Davis
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Trends in pharmacological sciences
  • 1992
A 'neural systems' approach to the study of fear or anxiety that uses the paradigm of fear-potentiated startle is described, which is not derived from the mechanisms of known anxiolytics. Expand
Model generation and testing to probe neural circuitry in the cingulate cortex of postmortem schizophrenic brain.
  • F. Benes
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Schizophrenia bulletin
  • 1998
A shift of cortical dopamine afferents from pyramidal to nonpyramidal neurons in ACCx-II seems to provide a more plausible explanation for such a "miswiring". Expand