Hospital risk management demands the development of broad and inclusive infection control policies. This is particularly true for anaesthetic equipment where appropriate recommendations on decontamination measures remains a difficult subject for infection control teams since there are no national guidelines. It is a topic which has perhaps been neglected in hospital infection control policies despite the widespread use of anaesthetic equipment in many clinical areas outside the theatre complex. This article offers practical guidance when preparing an infection control policy for anaesthetic equipment. The cost effectiveness of single patient use items versus reprocessing equipment is discussed. The importance of a multi-disciplinary approach, especially where the evidence base is weak, is highlighted.