Deterrence in the Twenty-first Century : A Review of the Evidence

  title={Deterrence in the Twenty-first Century : A Review of the Evidence},
  author={Daniel S. Nagin},
The evidence in support of the deterrent effect of the certainty of punishment is far more consistent than that for the severity of punishment. However, the evidence in support of certainty’s effect pertains almost exclusively to apprehension probability. Consequently, the more precise statement is that certainty of apprehension, not the severity of the ensuing legal consequence, is the more effective deterrent. This conclusion has important policy implications among which are that lengthy… CONTINUE READING

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